Necklaces v/s Pendants : What’s The Difference?

Types of Necklaces

A necklace is a standalone piece that largely consists of a metal chain in any metal such as gold, silver, platinum. It can be studded with diamonds and precious/semi-precious gemstones. Necklaces come in many shapes, sizes, and styles. Some of them are very simple and sober, while others are very well detailed with delicate workmanship.

  • Chains

A chain is a type of necklace that looks like a cable in its design and can consist of any type of metal. Chains come in various types of shapes and their weight and metal determine their pricing. These are single pieces, which give a simple yet enticing look.

  • Chokers

Chokers are close-fitting necklaces designed to stay above your collarbones, falling along the base of the neck. Some chokers leave a breathing room, while others can be firmly wrapped around the neck. Wear the one that can be worn comfortably, uplifting your style statement.

Types of Pendants

A pendant is a piece of ornament jewellery that is attached to a chain or thread. Even though the most common style is only one pendant per chain, yet any single chain can feature multiple small pendants (also with proper stringing of beads if not through a metal chain). Pendant jewellery in India comes in different shapes, sizes, colours, and forms; such as Diamond Pendants, Holdalis (gemstones studded on jade stones in Kundan), and lockets.

  • Diamond Pendants

Diamonds and polkis (uncut diamonds) often feature in pendants. They come in different sizes, clarity, colours and dimensions. The 4C’s of a diamond (Colour, Clarity, Cut and Carat Weight) ascertain its actual price. Diamonds are an emblem spiritual power, purity and perfection. They are also considered as the stones of faithfulness, commitment, and promise between couples.

  • Holdali Pendants

The use of gemstones in Holdalis really escalates up every chain and ensures an aspect of uniqueness for the wearer. Navratna gemstones add a classy element to Holdali pendants. They can be worn using a thread around the neck too. That is possible through a horizontal zone at the top of the Holdali’s or setup of a metal kunda at the top of the Holdali.

  • Lockets

This type of pendant allows the wearer to store a small item such as a picture within it. As they are usually worn on a longer chain, you’ll always have your special locket close to your heart. It’s mostly presented on special occasions or ceremonies such as Valentines Day, weddings and anniversaries.

What is Kundan Art Jewellery? Process, History, Value.

About Kundan Jewellery

Kundan is a form of jewellery made from gold, usually with a core material of wax. It is the traditional form of Indian gemstone jewellery popular for elaborate necklaces. The making of this jewellery includes highly refined gold, i.e., 24 carat gold while the gold used in the base of the ornaments can vary.

History of Kundan Art Jewellery

Kundan jewellery is one of the oldest forms of jewellery in India with a rich legacy of over 2,500 years. Its roots are believed to date back to the royal courts of Gujarat & Rajasthan. That is the reason why it is also referred to as Royal Indian or Mughal Jewellery. In addition to these names, Kundan is known as Bikaneri or Jaipuri Jewellery in popular culture.

The variation of this form of craftsmanship can be found in Meena jewellery, where enamelling with various colours and designs is on the back side while the Kundan setting embraces the front side. Indian city of Jaipur is considered as the centre of Kundan jewellery making in India.

The procedure of crafting Kundan Art Jewellery

  • Step 1:

The process of making Kundan jewellery starts with the making of 22 Karat gold ghat, referred to as GADHAYI (meaning unique pieces structured with golden stripes). The style and form of a typical mould-like framework are set according to the design, using thin golden strips which are further cut, coiled, and shaped. This is the most vital step to create the base of the necklace set.

  • Step 2:

The second step involves engraving the outer surface with the required designs and patterns which is called KHUDAYI.

  • Step 3:

The third step involves the framework to be filled with lac, a type of wax or gold, and then engraved in this process. This step basically includes printing the planned pattern or design on the surface of the jewellery. This is followed by Meenakari work, wherein the engraved patterns on the gold surface are then filled with various types of natural colours.

Time taken to craft one piece of Kundan Art Jewellery

The manufacturing of Kundan sets and articles involves skilled labour given their intricacy and relevance. Each piece is hand-polished, which translates into countless hours of hard work by skilled artisans. Crafting complete necklaces (bridal sets) in this form of jewellery could take anywhere between two to four months, depending upon the craftsmanship and the intricacy of the chosen design and style.

Evolution of Kundan Art Jewellery over the years

Traditionally, Kundan jewellery designs have been very detailed. Earlier, it was only worn by the Royals but over the years, its demand has increased. With Hindi-film actors wearing Kundan designs in historic films, women and men alike have started showing interest in exploring this fine jewellery range. It is valued highly by those who own this jewellery range. Not to miss that it is passed from generation to generation given its elegance, lustre and richness.